Even when we stay a little too long under the sun at noon, our body sends discomfort signals with various symptoms such as dizziness, headache, nausea. Climate change, which we are increasingly feeling today, scares us for the future. Global warming, which has observable effects all over the world, is also for animals. a great threat.
The effect of climate change on living things has been revealed by a new study. Let’s look at the details of this research:
Global warming evolves animals:
Animals can deal with global warming with various formulas. Some species migrate to higher altitudes and cooler habitats, while others change their breeding and migration time according to the season. Thanks to these changes, their tail, beak or other body extensions evolve. As a result of the literature research, many animal samples that showed physical changes, including the varieties in Australia, were reached due to temperature increases due to climate change.
Most birds change their state:
In the research, animals that have changed the most in the last century with reference to the climate crisis and Allen’s rule were examined. Accordingly, the most change is seen in birds, and the increase in beak sizes is particularly striking. Beak length of red-backed parrots since 1871 in the middle of 4 to 10 percent, the wing length of the large round-leaved bat increased by 1.64 percent was observed. The masked shrew’s tail and leg length also increased significantly.
What is the mentioned Allen Rule?
In the 1870s, American zoologist Joel Allen discovered that warm-blooded animals (endotherms) living in cold climates small extensions possession of animals in hot climates to larger extensions had proven that he tends to have it. This model, which is still valid on birds and mammals, Allen’s Rule
It is known as . This and other biological models help make assumptions about how animals will evolve as the climate warms.
Temperature stability is not the only function of extensions:
The only function of animal appendages is not only to regulate body temperature. For example, the fact that a bird living in an arid geography has a larger beak compared to other specimens of its genus increases its survival skill, as it enables it to hunt better. All living things try to harmonize the changes in the world, but not all of them succeed. With these studies, it is aimed to determine which types are more vulnerable and should be placed in the priority class in conservation.
More research is needed:
The diversity of form-shifting animals shows that this is happening in many parts of the world, in extensions of different medicine, and in various animals. However, the researchers said more work is needed to determine which breeds of animals are most affected.
Is the climate crisis inevitable?
According to the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change last month, we have very little time to prevent global warming. While many genera evolve and adapt due to climate change, some varieties will simply disappear due to the climate crisis. The most efficient way to preserve species and the future is to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Today, the most greenhouse gas emissions occur in the animal food industry. The climate crisis is not our luck, today we can create social transformations by starting with individual changes.