Exposure to ultraviolet light and radiation in space, DNA damages can cause. This poses a huge problem for the health of astronauts in the long run. In order to avoid similar problems both for the health of astronauts and for all future manned space missions, DNA damage should be avoided. how to avoid various researches are being carried out.
In this direction, in a research on how DNA repair can be performed, astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have made a very important contribution. experimental gene editing process performed successfully.
Studies will make space travel easier in the future:
Astronauts on the ISS as part of the experimental study on yeast cells was performed. Within the scope of the study, damage was first created on the DNA, and then this damage was removed and the sequencing was performed again.
Sebastian Kraves, senior author of the study published in the journal Plos One, emphasized the importance of the study in his statement, ” Team only in an extreme environment CRISPR genome editing, PCR and nanopore sequencing, but also a functionally complete set of technologies that can be applied to studies of DNA repair and other fundamental cellular processes in microgravity. was able to integrate biotechnology into the workflow’‘ he said.
Making stronger rockets or smarter spacecraft is not the only obstacle we have to overcome for space travel, which is one of the most exciting steps for humanity in the future. Same time to the human body’s reactions to being in space
We also need to produce solutions for . In this context, many different studies are carried out.
For example, with a material undetected in nature to protect astronauts from harmful and even deadly X-ray radiation. a sunscreen made from skin pigments was developed. In the past weeks, after another research carried out on the ISS, the DNA of the sperm in space was not damaged. for 200 years was found to be protected.