is the largest moon of Saturn and the second largest in our Solar System. Titan has a very valuable place in space exploration. The most valuable difference of Titan, which is very similar to Earth with its lakes, rivers, raindrops dripping from clouds and heavy atmosphere, is that its chemical cycle consists of liquid methane, an organic molecule consisting of one carbon and four hydrogen atoms, instead of water.
That is, in lakes, seas, or drops falling from clouds on Titan. there is liquid methane, not water. However, according to scientists, the atmospheric conditions of Titan are quite suitable for creating an easy life form. This puts the satellite in a valuable place.
One of the most valuable stops for potential life search:
In our search for life outside Earth, the options we have in our Solar System are finite. Jupiter’s moon Europa and Saturn’s moon Titan are the best options we have at this point, and valuable missions are planned for both moons in the future. For example, NASA will carry out a mission to Titan in 2027. With this mission Very similar to early Earth‘ By searching for clues to life on Titan, information about the formation of life on our planet will be tried to be expanded.
But before this mission happens, scientists want to learn more about Titan’s atmosphere and chemistry. Tomče Runčevski, a professor of chemistry at Southern Methodist University, who carried out a study for exactly this purpose, formed Titan’s atmosphere in tiny glass tubes.
In his work, Runčevski, who added the components that make up Titan’s atmosphere into tiny glass tubes and regulated atmospheric conditions, pressure and temperature, achieved a very important result. According to this, organic molecules (such as methane and benzene) that are liquid on Earth becomes solid icy mineral crystals on Titan because temperatures on the planet can drop to -180 degrees. It is thought that the results obtained in the study will enable us to better understand both Titan and ‘planet ice’ in general.