More than one scientists argue that the cosmos was formed with the Big Bang 13-14 billion years ago. Two things occurred as a result of the Big Bang: element and power. At that time, the entire universe was compressed into a balloon thousands of times smaller than the tip of a needle, and it was much hotter and heavier than we could have imagined. In time, the world cooled and grew; by providing a suitable environment finally stars and galaxies was created.
It would take a little more time to begin the journey of the world.
How did the story of the world begin?
Earth 4.6 billion years ago, formed by the collision of particles in a large cloud of elements. Gravity gathered all these dust and gas particles into one big clump. As these large clusters continued to collide and grow, our world began its long story. Naturally, the state of the Earth in its ancient days had nothing to do with the way we know it today.
The continent formation of our world billions of years ago was quite different from what it is today. 4.6 billion years ago, when the Earth was just beginning to form, it was nothing more than a giant fireball spinning in space. In the beginning, very hot gases could escape into space.As the Earth cooled, they were trapped by gravity to form the first state of the atmosphere, and as a result, clouds began to form with the accumulation of water vapor in the air. The first land masses would take millions of years to form.
What is plate movement? What role does it play in the formation of continents?
In this section, we will examine together what tectonic plate movements are, how they affect the earth’s surface and continue to affect it. Over the years, supercontinents—massive landmasses formed by the emergence of more than one landmass—formed and disappeared with tectonic plate movements.
tectonic plate cycle; begins with the balancing of a superior continent with a superior ocean. The plate movement begins to break up the great continent in question, and as a result, a new magnificent continent is formed by the collision of the land segments dispersed into the ocean; However, this magnificent continent eventually shares the same fate and this cycle is repeated. We are now in the middle of one of these cycles.
Well, how did the Earth get to what it is now?
According to a widely accepted theory; Many years after the formation of the Earth, approximately After 250 million years, all the continents of that time came into one Pangaea
formed the magnificent continent known as . Then, about 150 million years ago, a rift appeared on this marvelous continent and a new crust formed underwater along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Following this change, Pangea broke up over time into two huge continents called Gondwana and Laurasia.
Gondwana; was a landmass that included what is now Africa, South America, Australia, Antarctica, and India. The subcontinent of India broke off from here; It quickly drifted north, cutting off the southern coast of Africa and colliding with the Asian continent. Thus, with its length of more than 2500 kilometers, it is the largest mountain range in the world. Himalayans was created. This new state of Earth was pretty close to what we know now.
causes the earth’s land masses to move slowly in the earth’s crust plate movements this immersive adventure still continues; The continents are moving away from each other at a rate of several kilometers per year. According to the assumptions of some scientists, the continents that exist now and are gradually moving away from each other will reappear in the distant future, due to the roundness of the world, and form a new wonderful continent; just as before.
If you are wondering how plate movements work, let’s take you here: