Ideology and human history are almost the same age. The meaning of this is that as soon as a person starts to think, he has produced questions about himself and the world he lives in. If you are not a philosopher or a philosopher, to have absolute knowledge about the concepts of ideologyno one waits. But during a productive conversation in daily life, some ideology concepts and their meanings will be useful to you.
Ideology concepts, is a special area about which dozens of volumes will be written. However, as we said, if you are not an expert on the subject, it will be a little difficult to try to master all these concepts. If you want to have a much more productive conversation instead of talking about the social media memes that are known while talking to your friends or people you just met. some ideology concepts you need to know and their meanings we told.
Some ideology concepts you can use for a productive conversation:
- Inner sense of pluralism
- Logical errors
- Hume’s guillotine
- Introverted illusion
All the burden is on the shoulders of the individual: Existentialism
Existentialism, also called existentialism, is a philosophical movement that focuses on the individual. This movement, which is known by names such as Søren Kierkegaard, Fyodor Dostoyevski, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre; It produces opinions about why man exists. As a reaction to systematic ideology emphasizes the meaninglessness and absurdity of the world we live in and says that all the burden is on the shoulders of the individual. It has also been described as detachment from life and confusion.
Intention method in which one questions oneself: Introspection
Introspection is a method of intention in which the individual questions himself, not society. person during introspection questions their beliefs, self, aspirations, goals and present. According to many philosophers, it is a unique process required for an individual to understand himself. The view of a person who has solved his inner process towards life and the universe he lives in will also develop in the same form. There are methods in which it is also used as introspection through the eyes of the glutton, putting himself in the place of the glutton.
Follow material pleasures: Epicureanism
It was put forward by the Greek philosopher Epicurus, who lived in 300 BC. is thought to have laid the foundations of existentialism. we call the ideological movement epicureanism. According to Epicurus, who said that the thing that will make the individual happy is material pleasures, people should stay away from religious rushes. According to Epicureanism, we live while we live, so it is pointless to think about death. When we die, we should relax a little and pursue satisfaction, since we cannot think about the death.
There is a me, inside me: a sense of inner pluralism
When deciding to do something you hear more than one voice in your mind that speaks contradictory opinions.Don’t be afraid, it’s normal. Find the true path by arguing with them. The sense of inner pluralism speaks to this process exactly. Many people suppress the voices they hear in their minds, but even religious references have called this condition the devil. Discussing with yourself, acting with a sense of inner pluralism, will ultimately be your greatest help in understanding your own self.
Filter your ideas: Logical fallacies
Someone says something and you judge the idea by your own strict standards, thinking, ‘How is this person shamelessly uttering these logically misleading words?’ Then you think or say something, but those strict standards fly away. Here it is is a method that one should consider in the process of self-dissolving. You should also apply your filtering process for your own intentions, in which you eliminate different opinions and reveal logical errors. This is also called being intellectually honest with yourself.
I am the only truth: Solipsism
If you ask, “Why do I bother with myself so much?”, the solipsist movement, also called solipsism, gives the answer. According to this current the only reality is you, the idea in your mind. Instead of blindly believing in his mind, which he believes to be the only truth, one should test it by using different methods. At the end of this test, he can reconstruct his perspective on life and the cosmos by solving whether reality is really in his mind. It is a difficult but effective method.
What is and should be: Hume’s guillotine
Hume’s law, or Hume’s guillotine, created by the Scottish philosopher David Hume, focuses on the problematic in the middle of what is and what should be. The point he discusses is that people cannot distinguish between what is and what should be. Hume’s guillotine is again based on internal observation. It is a method that should be applied to solve how this theory is formulated and how it is formed on a logical plane before a theory is put forward for something to be more sufficient.
Defense mechanism against reality: Introverted illusion
The introverted illusion focuses on the rhetoric of the individual knowing only his own reality and knowing the truth in the ideas of others only as a result of actions. There is only one reality and there are as many illusions of that reality as there are people around it. Everyone practices their actions according to their own introverted illusion and even defends themselves against reality with this illusion many times. Introverted illusions can be removed by applying introspection to the other side, but the person who will do this must first have the ability to value his own introspection. So it’s close to impossible.
The only analysis for satisfaction: Utilitarianism
The foundations of utilitarianism, also known as pragmatism, which was recognized by William James, were laid by Epicurus. As the name suggests talks about maximizing the benefit for the satisfaction of the individual.In this stream, all costs are classified by passing through an individual benefit filter. There are different opinions within this current. Some argue that the individual should do what pleases him the most, while others argue that the individual should do things that will please the society. But the benefit in both views is the point that needs attention.
The end is either empathy or madness: Relativity
Relativity either equips a person with a strong sense of empathy or drives him insane into an inextricable existential crisis. Because after discovering yourself as a result of introspection, with the law of relativity you begin to question whether your own truth is the absolute truth for other individuals as well. Truth that is beneficial for one person more than once is not suitable for another person. Questioning this problem in every move you make, as we said in the first sentence, either gives the individual strong feelings of empathy or literally drives him crazy.
that you can use during a productive conversation. by talking about the concepts and meanings of ideologywe explained the points you need to know. The main purpose of all these concepts we have mentioned is to enable the individual to gain an identity for himself. If you feel ready, you can go on a little introspection trip.