'Internet of Things', What is the Internet of Things? 1
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The phones we carry in our pockets are no longer just a phone, nor is the refrigerator in the kitchen just a refrigerator. Even the robot vacuum cleaner that sweeps our house has not been wandering around for a while, thanks to its smart system, it can see where is clean or dirty. So almost all the devices we use are getting smarter and Thanks to the ‘Internet of Things’ they can communicate with each other and with us.

‘Internet of Things’, internet of things is an analogy to the industrial revolution of the 21st century. Thanks to this technology, the devices we use can now manage themselves and make our lives much easier by sharing their status with us. Well ‘Internet of Things’, what is the internet of things, how does it work, it’s nice now, but let’s take a closer look at the answers to the questions that are curious about what kind of picture will emerge in the future.

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‘Internet of Things’, what is the internet of things?

‘Internet of Things’, also known as IoT abbreviation, in Turkish, the internet of things; By connecting devices with Wi-Fi to the internet is a technology that expresses communication among themselves and with users. Internet of Things technology is the basis of smart home systems and smart business systems.

‘Internet of Things’ date:

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The concept of ‘Internet of Things’ was first published by Kevin Ashton in 1999. is used. Ashton used this concept during his presentation for a company; It is defined as a network of smart devices that share information by connecting to each other with different communication protocols.

Although we encountered the concept and definition of the Internet of Things in 1999, it was actually the first example. We can see it at Cambridge University in 1991. The academics working here have installed an old camera in front of the machine to see if the coffee machine is full and have a photo of the coffee machine sent to their computer 3 times a minute.

This system, which was used successfully at Cambridge University until 2001, actually comes from the ‘Internet of Things’ technology. also reveals what we should expect.Two devices working for people for different purposes offer maximum efficiency with minimum human effort. Of course, this example is extremely simple compared to today’s technologies.

Where do we encounter the internet of things?

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The smart systems we see in many homes and workplaces today work with the internet of things technology. for example a thermostat that connects to the internet, users follow the weather without making any adjustments and adjust the temperature of the house or workplace accordingly.

Smart sockets that detect your usage hours and cut off energy, automatically unlocked by detecting login, smart feeders that provide food and water by learning your pet’s nutritional routine, health monitors that can perform certain tests, tracking systems in vehicles, lamps that light up according to the brightness level in common areas and similar devices that we are actively using are the most important examples of internet of things technology.

It is possible to multiply the number of these examples. It is also the technology of ‘Internet of Things’ that your smart robot vacuum says the garbage bag is full. You can think like this, which somehow connects to the internet and every device that communicates with other devices or with you uses IoT technology.

Is ‘Internet of Things’ really a useful technology?

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Some users may think that let something be unwise. This statement can be given for simple home and workplace systems, but we should not think small. ‘Internet of Things’ technology is also used in large industry areas and we should not forget that it maximizes efficiency in the areas where it is used.

Thanks to the internet of things system used in agricultural technologies, it is possible to monitor soil fertility, moisture status, temperature status instantly. it will be possible to get yield from even the driest soil.Imagine how important it is for a malfunction that could endanger the life of the employees to be noticed and reported by the machine even before the engineers.

The same is true for small-scale systems. Instead of trying to figure out if you can smell gas a home system that notifies the officials as soon as it detects a gas leak. why would it be bad? Since the ‘Internet of Things’ technology also provides remote access to the devices, possible problems can be repaired by the technical service personnel in the center as soon as possible problems are detected. So our job becomes much easier.

The dangers of IoT technology:

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Let’s take a look at the technology of the internet of things by taking off our rose glasses. In recent years number of companies not involved in data scandaldoes not exceed the fingers of both hands. Moreover, these data consist of relatively simple information. Consider that this data is also data collected by home and workplace systems.

The smart home system knows when you come home, what time you leave, what you eat, what time you eat, what time you sleep, what time you wake up, briefly all your habits. When this system is connected to open network internet is open to all kinds of cyber attacks. I wonder if enough security measures are taken to protect it from the attack of a master hacker? Unfortunately, we can never be sure.

Due to the large size of the data collected, the systems required to process them energy spent, will be many times more than a normal working system. Considering that the internet is not free, we have to say that the remaining bill is quite high as a result.

The future of the ‘Internet of Things’ system:

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For now ‘Internet of Things’ technology is advancing in a user-oriented manner. So devices over the communication network they established among themselves only shares information, but the user still has the authority to perform the operation. So, what will the situation be in a few years?

While approximately 11 billion devices are connected to the internet today, this number will increase in 2022. It is thought to reach 50 billion. Of course, the basis of all these devices is the internet of things technology. In order to offer an easy life to the user, these devices will be allowed to make their own decisions step by step, and the user will be kept in the background.

Let’s think like this; your refrigerator will learn the foods you eat the most and maybe order it by itself, the smart lock will open when you see the courier that brings the food and you will receive a notification that your food has arrived. Likewise, as a result of a minor malfunction in your car, your car will take you to the service out of your control and maintenance will be done.

With the Turkish word “Internet of Things”, the Internet of Things technology is becoming more and more widespread. As long as the user is always in control seems to be ok. However, if the necessary security measures are not taken at the highest level, the problems that will arise may be of the type that increases the problems we have encountered so far.

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