Philosophical Approaches Questioning Belief in God 1
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Religious beliefs at least 11. 600 years, we know thanks to Göbeklitepe. Even in those years, a current of ideas motivated people to build the oldest known temple.

Probably even before a temple was built, people always had these questions in mind: Is there a god, what does it look like, did he create us, or is the universe itself a god? While humanity was looking for answers to these questions, they formed the following intentions and the masses adopted what they found suitable.

Belief that there is at least one rabbi: Theism

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Explaining the nature of God and the interest in the middle of the universe and God with a more precise definition; It is the doctrine that contains the description of a deity who is personally, presently and actively responsible for the establishment and administration of the universe, and which argues that this Lord sent religion in various ways. According to this approach, God, the world and always connect with people. most recognizable

Rejecting metaphysical beliefs and religions in all creators and spiritual beings: Atheism

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It is a current of philosophical intent that does not accept to explain the truth believed to be true through belief. Belief conditioning, imaginary creatures and events rejects. From an atheist point of view, besides the creator, all metaphysical beliefs and all spiritual beings are rejected.

The view that an all-encompassing immanent lord, universe or nature is one-on-one with God: Pantheism

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Pantheists do not believe in an individuated or anthropomorphic God. Pantheism is a concept often related to monism. In pantheism, everything is considered a part of the rabbi, God is everything and everything is divine. God exists in nature, in objects, in the human world.

Public theism belief: Panentheism

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As in pantheism, the universe itself is divine, and unlike pantheism, the first mover, the deity, created the universe and all beings from its essence, and superior to the cosmos, is the belief that the universe is dominant in its consciousness as an absolute and unchanging entity.

Belief based on the principle that religious knowledge can be reached directly only through reason: Deism

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It is the source of observations about logic and the natural world; religion by reason is the belief in a god that believes it can be reached and therefore rejects all religions based on revelation and inspiration. The concepts of natural religion or natural belief used in the definition of belief indicate the belief in a simple deity that can be grasped only by reason without any intermediary.


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Cinema in picture: I Origins (2014)

There are two types of agnosticism. According to weak agnosticism, no one knows about the deity, but this can be guessed; According to strong agnosticism, the god cannot be known in any way. Agnosticism is generally skeptical of things, asks skeptical questions and tries to find answers with skepticism.

The idea that it is pointless to discuss God: Ignosticism

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In the definition of the concept of “god”, whose existence and non-existence are discussed, there is no consistency, is the theological position that argues that it is meaningless to discuss a concept that does not have a balanced definition in terms of existence and non-existence.

The philosophical idea that everything consists of elements: Materialism

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Materialism, materialism, or materialism is a philosophical theory that does not accept any a priori metaphysical concept, claiming that everything consists of matter and that all phenomena, including consciousness, are the result of material interactions. In other words, matter is the only substance that exists. Materialism is the theory on the side of “that the physical matter is the only or fundamental reality”.
*A priori, literally means a priori. However, in ideology, which is the general area of ​​use, it is stereotyped in the sense of “before the experiment”.
*Substance, immutable reality based on changing predicates; Philosophical concept meaning “existing in itself, in itself”.

Belief in more than one God: Polytheism

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Polytheism, also called , believes in more than one deity. Etymologically, the word derives from the Greek words poly (many) and theoi (god).

Intention to believe that many deities exist, but to suggest that each of these deities is only powerful (can only affect that person) against individuals who worship it: Monolatrism

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Monolatrism is a type of polytheism. While a monolathist believes in the existence of more than one pantheon, he believes that only his belief will affect the pantheon itself.

Defining accepting the existence of other lords while connecting to one lord: Henotheism

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Henotheism, in religion and ideology, was deduced by Max Müller. Greek heis theos, “a god”. According to Müller, this is “monotheism in principle, but polytheism (in practice)”.

One of two subtypes of Henotheism together with monolatrism: Cathetheism

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Unlike monolathism, which believes that there are many lords, but that each of these lords are powerful only against those who worship him, there are many gods. at reasonable times throughout the year is the belief system that is worshiped.

Ideology system believed to be evil of the Lord: Dystheism

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Mini-series in the image: Childhood’s End (2015)

The word dystheism comes from the Greek words “Dys-” (evil) and Theos (god).

Belief in the existence of a single creator or the unity of the deity: Monotheism

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The word monotheism, etymologically, derives from the Greek words mono (one) and theoi (god).

The method developed to talk about and describe various teachings, especially in ideology and religion: Dualism

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In all of these teachings there are two main points (often opposites). These two fundamental aspects may be particularly opposing forces or entities.
These couples, which are generally male-female, good-bad or light-dark, are in Chinese belief. Yin-Yang, conceived as Tamus-Satva in Indian belief, Ahura mazda-Angra mainyu in Zoroastrianism.

The view that everything is from a single necessity, element, matter or power: Monism

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Often monism is thought to be associated with pantheism, panentheism, and belief in an immanent deity. In addition, absolutism and monad are closely related to monism. Pythagoras is also known as monist. The number “one” is absolute and sacred according to Pythagoras.

The belief that the God who started the universe may have been smaller and weaker than the cosmos and many living things in it: Transtheism

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Cinema in the image: Prometheus (2012)

It is a theistic or non-theistic religious ideology. The world was created/initiated, but is currently in self-progress.

The view that asking questions about the existence of God(s) is pointless and irrelevant to his life: Apateism

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Apateism (combination of apathy and theism/atheism), god indifference, pragmatic atheism or (critically) practical atheism; It is indifference to belief or disbelief in any random thing. Atheism can be seen in both theism and atheism, as it describes an attitude towards the existence or non-existence of god(s). Atheists are also at odds with whether or not they agree with a random judgment about the existence(s) of god(s). they are not interested.

It is a form of belief that there is something beyond the concrete world, but this thing remains with its undefined and unknown qualities: Letsism

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“Do you believe in God?” asked a Letsist person. to the question “No, but something has to happen.” is the person who responds.

Respect, recognition, belief status of all religions: Omnism

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It is the belief that no religion is true belief, but that truth can be found in every religion/belief. to all religions respect is heard.

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