Even if you are not an expert in biology, you do not have a grasp of basic concepts such as cell, chromosome, nucleus and cell division. However, among these structures, there is such an organelle, that is, an organic structure inside the cell, that we can say that it actually provides all life. Thanks to this structure called centriole division of animal and plant cells, that is, life is provided.
Animal cell and plant cell are already microscopic structures. One of the structures that we come across when we go deeper into this structure. centriole
The organelle has a much smaller but extremely important task. The centriole undertakes the task of carrying chromosomes, which is one of the most important tasks during cell division, and ensures the continuation of life. Bride what is centriole, what is its use, what are its functions let’s examine all the details.
What is centriole?
Composed of basic components such as protein, DNA and RNA centriole, has a vital role during the division of animal cell and plant cell. During cell division attracts the chromosomes in the dispersed nucleus to itself, allowing both new cells to receive parts from the original chromosome.
Centriole sizes can range from 0.2 mm to 0.4 millimeters. They are generally located right next to the nucleus. centriole walls, consists of parts called microtubules. During cell division, the oldest centriole plays the role of mother and becomes the organelle that undertakes the task of forming the structure.
What is centrosome?
We said that the walls of centrioles are made up of walls called microtubules. These microtubules are tripartite. There are 9 of the triple microtubule structure. The centriole group, which consists of 9 triple microtubule structures, is called the centrosome. Since the centrosome consists of centrioles, it is possible to make the same job description.
What does the centriole do, what are its functions?
Cell division has begun, excitement is at its peak. The core splits and scatter to give life to two new cells. Meanwhile, the chromosomes in the nucleus structure are likely to scatter from right to left. At this point, the centrosome, which consists of centrioles, comes into play and forms network threads.
Thanks to the attraction force of these protein net threads, the chromosomes are distributed to both nuclei at the required rate. During this breakup both original parts and new partsfinds the right place.
The centrosome, which is made up of centrioles, not only forms web threads, preventing chromosomes from colliding with each other and getting them to the right places. called whip and delete also creates structures. These structures provide movement during cell division. The whip that provides the movement of sperm is the biggest example of this.
Where is the centriole found?
The centriole is found in eukaryotic cells, one of the three main classes of living things, along with archaea and bacteria. So are found in almost all animal cells and many plant cells. Exceptions to this are some fungi and some vascular plant species and nerve cells in animals. Centrosomes consisting of centrioles are not seen here.
Eukaryotic cells are simple structures containing a nucleus and a few other organelles. Such cells are also called primitive. It has a simple structure for cells to divide correctlythey need the centrosome made up of centrioles.
What are the centriole properties?
Centriole is a membraneless structure. In this respect, we can say that it is similar to ribosomes, since centrosomes are already contain ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum. A centriole is formed by the union of two cylindrical structures, and these structures are hidden in the transparent section in between.
While 1 centriole consists of 3 cylindrical tubes, namely microtubules, 1 centrosome consists of 3 centrioles. Strong protein bonds hold this simple structure together. Already during cell division it is these protein bonds that make up the network threads. Although it does not have a membrane, it owes such a successful preservation of its integrity to these protein bonds.
Centrosome, made up of centrioles found in some plant cells and most animal cells is located at a point just near the core. They come into play during the interphase phase of cell division and enable the chromosomes to find their way without bumping into each other.
We often hear the name in the field of biology. what is centriole, what are its functions, what is it for, where is it found and we talked about the details you need to know about the subject. It is truly surprising that such a small structure can play such an important role.