In the early years of civilization, people established small city-states. Then they grew stronger and evolved into great states and then empires. Once the empires stopped, as they got stronger, they began to take over the states, being weaker than themselves. the concept of imperialism emerged. Imperialism
There are many different policies followed by many different states throughout history about the system and definitions made accordingly.
Although these definitions throughout history point to different points, they basically all talk about the concept of colonialism. Imperialism has always revealed wars where the strong win and often end in blood. Who does not hesitate to join the world as much as his palm for more resources who is called an imperialist, what is imperialism,we answered the curious questions such as how this system works today.
What is imperialism?
The concept of imperialism, derived from the word Imperial, which means empire in English; of a state or nation over another state or nation systematically defines domination. Dictator power, central government and arbitrary management systems lie on the basis of imperialism, which has different names such as expansionism and expansionism.
Domination of a state or nation over another state or nation is not necessarily through occupation. Like economic imperialism and cultural imperialism
There are also types. However, in general, the imperialist state influences the other state in some way and uses its resources for its own interests. The full definition of this situation is colonialism. In every period of history, we come across such states and nations.
History of imperialism:
Imperialism, practiced by the Chinese, Greeks, Persians, Alexander the Great, Romans and different Islamic civilizations until the 16th century, is defined as the first phase of this system.16. Imperialism, which started with geographical discoveries, especially the United Kingdom, from the 19th century to the 19th century, is called old imperialism.
With Napoleon in the 1830s, the concept of imperialism fully emerged. The third phase of the system and continues today. new imperialism started in the 1880s and has set the target of Asia and Africa. The most important difference of the new imperialism is that it prefers economic exploitation to actual occupation.
States that are getting stronger and stepping on the way to becoming an empire or becoming an empire, after a while, they begin to influence the weak states. In the past, this situation is implemented through the actual occupation, then the factories established in the region, and today through companies.
Who is called an imperialist?
There are some basic conditions for a nation or state to be called imperialist. If a nation or state expands its territory by invading weaker states around it, taxing a different nation or state, uses the resources in the territory of a different nation or state for their own benefit, If a different nation or state spreads its own culture and uses the people of a different nation or state for its own interests, we can define that nation or state as imperialist.
In the first phase of imperialism, the Roman Empire, the Chinese Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Persian Empire and similar powers, with geographical discoveries in the old imperialist phase We can call Spain and England, in the new imperialism phase, multinational companies, especially the United States of America, and other states spread to many parts of the world as imperialist.
Different definitions of imperialism:
Benjamin Disraeli, who was prime minister in England in the 1870s, evaluated imperialism as an effort to expand the colonial empire. This approach sees colonial power as a right to powerful and developed countries. He even argues that the right of developed countries to exploit other states and nations should be protected.
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, founder of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics says that imperialism is the highest point of capitalism.Pierre Jalée argues that imperialism is an economic phenomenon. Richard D. Wolff defines imperialism as the tools one economy uses to control another economy.
Paul M. Sweezy called imperialism the stage of development of the world economy. Names such as Richard C. Edwards, Michael Reich and Thomas E. Weisskopf defined the internationalization of capitalism as imperialism. Mao Zedong, founder of the People’s Republic of China imperialism looks strong but looks like a paper tiger and said that it will be easily destroyed.
All definitions of imperialism except Benjamin Disraeli’s definition These are definitions created by evaluating in line with the Marxist view. Because only Marxists have studied imperialism based on economics. Although it has been applied with different excuses in history, all imperialist movements aim to seize the economic resources of other states or nations.
We are now in the period of new imperialism, also called the third phase of imperialism. When we look around we see that it does not resemble the old imperialism at all.However, no one can claim that they do not feel the cultural imperialism. We can feel this even when we enter the YouTube trend list.
The third phase of imperialism uses economic exploitation away from actual occupation. If a country does not produce its own technology, does not create its own fast food chain, rents or sells its own means of production, that country is exploited. who do not do all this Which country’s brands do you encounter on the streets of the country? Here are the countries of origin of that brand are today’s imperialists. Of course, some liberal economists may also consider this situation as globalization.
A system in which strong states and nations exploit weaker states and nations. what is imperialism, who is called imperialist
In the light of questions such as , we talked about the history of imperialism and its current situation. You can review our article here to learn what capitalism is the basis of imperialism.