First, 70-year-old Richard Branson, the founder of Virgin Group, then Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon and the richest person in the world today; Going to and from space as if they were going to work in the morning is a legendary move wherever you look. For those born after 2000, the “space rivalry” is not a race between states, but a race between these rich names. Of course, when I heard they were going to and from space “So what’s wrong, what’s wrong with it?”
The number of those who say is not small at all.
So why did these people, who have the power to reach every taste and opportunity on earth with the click of their finger, started going to space out of the blue? To understand this, it is useful to leave aside all the troubles we deal with in our daily life and look at the history of space. If your grandchildren 10 generations later refugee on other planets
If you believe it will be , welcome.
When states become competitors, people die, when companies and the rich become competitors, trade returns:
The year 1903, when the Wright Brothers flew the first human-containing machine in history; It was 1915 when the same machines bombed the cities. In fact, 26 years later, the Japanese bombed the USA, which exploited their oil by jumping on their flying machines, and 4 years later, the USA left a black mark on history by dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. So II. world War started with airplanes, less than 50 years after they were invented, and ended bitterly, again with airplanes.
Aviation competition has held an important place in the race for resources and economic power of states throughout history. However, this competition brought with it massacres as well as technological advances. Beginning after two major wars, for years oscillating between agents and red phone lines. During the Cold War the atmosphere was not enough for the states, the competition in the sky was carried to space.
On October 4, 1957, the Soviets launched the first man-made satellite into space, out of the atmosphere. Sputnik-1 posted. Wanting to respond to its arch-rival, the USA established NASA just a year later. Both states have begun to invest astonishing amounts of money in space studies even now, and even ignore the reactions of their people for this competition. On the one hand, people were struggling with economic crises, on the other hand, states were scattering money into space.
After numerous attempts, the Soviets’ launch of military pilot Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961, knocked the United States back 2-0. If the Russians reached space, the Americans should have reached the Moon. That’s what happened. With a crew of 3, 2 of which landed on the lunar surface, on the 11th attempt of the Apollo missions. USA planted its flag on the Moon. This was followed by countless spacecraft sent to extraterrestrial planets, countless telescopes built on earth and in space, and countless satellites sent into orbit.
The Cold War ended with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the winner of the game was the USA. Numerous unmanned vehicles have been sent to Mars, Venus, and even outside the Solar System. Most of these vehicles were developed within the US government agency NASA. The United States has both Cold War and space victories in its arsenal. the softest weapon Hollywood for years, he continued to explain it round and round.
No human has been sent to the Moon since December 14, 1972, that is, in 49 years. You ask why? Because the real money is not enough; Also, instead of sending humans into space, reduces risk and cost
Sending small robots for brings a more logical solution. However, in the early 2000s, the tide turned.
Now, not only flags, but identities and companies compete in space. There are 3 important names to keep in mind:
Elon Musk: Participating in the competition from South Africa. He developed the reusable Falcon 9 rockets with SpaceX, which he founded in 2004. For years Numerous companies including Turksat and sent the government agency’s satellite into Earth orbit. In a way, he was the name that started the commercial space shipping business. Before SpaceX, satellites were sent into space by rockets funded by government agencies like NASA, that is, taxed. Musk’s mission is to reduce costs in space transportation, and his vision is to initiate interplanetary travel with inexpensive rockets.
Jeff Bezos: Amazon in 1994 to sell books on the internet, which was still a new technology at that time. com, became the e-commerce emperor. In 2000, when he hit the jackpot, he founded a company called Blue Origin and started investing in space technologies. At this time, he became the richest person in the world. The most serious rival of Elon Musk and SpaceX. Purpose just like Muski to make space transportation cheaper.
Richard Branson: 70 years old. His personal wealth is 1 in 32 of Musk and 1 in 41 of Bezos. . . So he doesn’t have that much money. He founded Virgin Group back in the 1970s, which now controls more than 400 companies, mostly media outlets. One of these companies, Virgin Galactic, has only one goal: to make space tourism, to make space accessible to everyone.
The era of space commuting has begun, without lifelong education, by paying whatever it takes:
Only two of the above names have traveled to space so far. Richard Branson “The first person to go to space with his own rocket” succeeded. Just 8 days after Branson, Jeff Bezos, the richest person in the world, did the same. Bezos had three people with him. One of them was his brother. Others oldest (83) and youngest (18) people to go into space happened.
Elon Musk is ahead of Branson and Bezos thanks to SpaceX, because two major projects, one of which was successful has:
Dragon capsules: The capsule at the tip of Falcon 9 rockets, developed by SpaceX. It can be adjusted to carry both loads and people. In May 2020, SpaceX became the first private company in history to send humans into space with the Crew Dragon mission. The capsule used in this mission took NASA astronauts to the space station at an altitude of 400 kilometers in April 2021. Elon Musk also privatized human transportation after cargo transportation to space.
Starship: SpaceX’s monolithic rocket designed for interplanetary travel with a passenger capacity of 100 people. In other words, the rocket does not leave the capsule carrying the payload. In this way, the vehicle can land in another place and take off again from where it landed. With the Starship rocket, which is still in test stages, a lunar mission called Dear Moon is planned to be carried out in 2023. Japanese businessman Yusaku Maezawa will take part in this task and 8 artists chosen from different branches will accompany him.
Let alone Richard Branson’s space tourism goals and Bezos’ space transportation goals, Elon Musk is clearly ahead on paper. By the way, we do not know how well Musk is with Bezos, but water does not leak between him and Branson. It is even said that Elon Musk bought a ticket from Branson for $ 250,000 and will go to space. Of course if he does “the third person to go to space with his own rocket” that won’t be the case, but as you can see, this is not Musk’s purpose anyway.
Now let’s set the course for some science fiction:
The scene above is not a very good movie at its core. Elysium According to the story, the rich live in a giant spaceport built in Earth orbit, which even cures cancer. On the other hand, the low-income large population remaining on the earth is trying to live with hunger, depleted resources and without water in the desert world, struggling with diseases.
Of course, with today’s technology and facilities, it is illogical to build the space base in Elysium. However, this narrative of the movie reveals the double standard that exists on earth today, which we observe almost every day. For example, today While the wealthy are partying at a beach club on one shore of the Mediterranean, boats carrying refugees are sailing on another shore. When you look at it, the same sea, the same world. . .
Of course, we don’t have to live this dark narrative in the future. What we have said does not mean that the rich people who are interested in the space race today are “bad people”. On the contrary, it proves that dreams come true when a little luck is added to the effort to be successful, “big step for humanity” is perhaps not just scientific or technological advances.