Although there are places that work 5,5 or 6 days a week in the private sector, they are generally included in the working calendars. works 5 days a week, 2 days are allocated as a holiday. So why work 5 days a week, while the remaining 2 days off is not in the form of 4 to 3 or 2 days of work and 5 days of vacation?
First thing we need to understand is, why a week is divided into seven days
It should be . Because every measure in the calendars can be associated with an event. It is no different that the week has seven days. Let’s first look at the concept of the week, then weekdays and weekends.
Why 7 days in a week?
The Babylonians were a very knowledgeable civilization in calendar and astrology. This civilization arranged its calendar using the Moon, one of the clearest celestial bodies it could observe under the conditions of that period. of the moon noticed that the transitions between the first quarter, full moon, last quarter and new moon phases also took 7 days.
Therefore Babylonian civilization, started to use 7-day weeks while preparing his calendar. During this period, civilizations rose on the backs of slaves. At that time, they saw another benefit of this 1-week calendar: When the worker who worked for 6 days was given a chance to rest for 1 day on the weekend, the slaves were much more vigorous, healthy and productive.
Actually 2 days holiday is quite new
For thousands of years after the Babylonians, people worked 6 days and took a day off. who learned this calendar from the Babylonians Greeks, Romans and other European peoples began to adapt the calendar to their culture.
The first example that comes to mind about adapting the calendar to each nation day names. The day the English call Wednesday, that is, Odin’s Day, we call Wednesday (derived from the Persian word meaning 4th day).
How so? Why is day 4 the third day of the week?
It was the Jewish community that actually did the job of bringing the Babylonian calendar to the world. common to the Jewish community Aramaic culture
In the process of rolling out the calendar with , the first day of the week was Sunday. Because the Jews celebrate Saturday Sabbath day would see it. On the Sabbath, the Jews did not work, but spent time in worship and rest.
This situation today also determines the holidays. would take effect. But before that, the cultural transformation of the calendar would continue. Especially in Europe, both the start of the week and the day off were about to change.
What is the work of my brother, they expect from the church
Although the Jewish community Saturday
Although was set for the holiday, societies in Europe had begun to adopt Christianity. This adoption proceeded somewhat differently, as the peoples of Europe began to adapt their previous pagan beliefs to their new religions. For example, in Rome before Christianity, the week was 8 days, after the first 7 days there was a 1-day holiday.
Sunday thus became a holiday for these societies. The days of worship and rest in their past, along with the conversion to Christianity, became Sunday. This revealed a system in which the working days were Monday-Friday in societies where Jews and Christians lived together.
This operating system is used in many regions. standard implementation
It became . Even today, in some countries, there may be a single-day weekend, and in some countries, there may be changes in holidays due to cultural or religious differences. However, while determining the general holiday order, many countries made Saturday-Sunday a holiday.
If everyone has a problem with the calendar
with the French Revolution called decadiTried a calendar as well. In this calendar, a day off was given every 10 days to enjoy one day. Robespierre’s French Revolution and its aftermath Reign of Terror
Considering , taking such a decision and forcing the poor people who had to work harder did not yield good results, and this calendar was later abolished.
In the 19th century, with the industrial revolution in England, it became clear which days of the week to work and which days of the week would be holidays. Later, this calendar is also adopted in the USA. Industrial Revolution The use of this calendar increased as it spread across Europe.
Especially between the 1940s and 1960s. almost every country began to change working days and working hours in order to align with the leading countries of the industries. Later Arab countries also adapted to these calendars.
Will the calendar change again?
It changes, after all, it’s a is not a physics rule, is an arrangement that people make culturally. In the future, the working days of the week may decrease or the week structure may change completely. Or enough people get together” Working for five days in a row is tiring, take a vacation on Wednesday” this could be true too.
Some countries today shortening working times and plans to reduce working days, and is even working on it. Maybe another editor 50 years from now” Why do we work 4 days a week?”
It will write a content called . Who knows?